4th December is Navy day
Here are some great facts about out Indian Navy
The 17th-century Maratha emperor Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle is considered as the ‘Father of the Indian Navy’.
The President of India serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy.
The Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), usually a four-star officer in the rank of admiral, commands the navy.
4 December is celebrated as the Navy Day in India, to commemorate the start of Operation Trident during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
The one-night attack the Indian Navy sank three vessels near the largest Pakistani port of Karachi. Operation Trident resulted in first use of anti ship missiles in the region.In Vizag it is a week long event showcasing warship, planes, tanks etc. at RK Beach.
The Marine Commando Force (MCF), also known as MARCOS,
is a special forces unit that was raised by the Indian Navy in 1987 for direct action, special reconnaissance, amphibious warfare and counter-terrorism.
In 1988, the MARCOS successfully rescued several hostages, including Maldives’ then-Minister of Education, aboard a ship hijacked by PLOTE mercenaries during Operation Cactus. The MARCOS are typically deployed to prevent infiltration through the Jhelum River and Wular Lake and are also involved in covert counter-terrorism operations in and around lakes and rivers in Jammu and Kashmir.
During the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, the MARCOS were also involved in the rescue mission of hostages captured by the terrorists in Taj Mahal Palace & Tower luxury hotel in Mumbai as part of a large terrorist attack in Mumbai metropolis in November 2008
Accidents in the Indian navy
have been attributed to ageing ships in need of maintenance, delayed acquisitions by the Ministry of Defence, and human error. However naval commentators also argue that as India’s large navy of 160 ships clocks around 12,000 ship-days at sea every year, in varied waters and weather, some incidents are inevitable.
The accident on board INS Sindhuratna (S59) led to the resignation of the then Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) Admiral D K Joshi on 26 February 2014, who owned moral responsibility.
The English East India Company established the East India Company’s Marine in 1612.
Its first fighting ships in India were acquired on 5 September 1612. This force evolved into Her Majesty’s Indian Navy in 1830, while most of India was under British rule. The force at this time had British officers and Indian sailors.
During World War I, the force then known as the Royal Indian Marine undertook minesweeping, as well as supply and support operations for the Allies. In 1934, the navy was renamed as the Royal Indian Navy (RIN).
Sub Lieutenant D. N. Mukherji was the first Indian to be granted a commission as an engineer officer in 06 January 1928. He was an engineer who rose to the rank of Captain, but took premature retirement from the service in 1950.
After the independence of India on 15 August 1947 and the ensuing partition,
the RIN’s depleted fleet of ships and remaining personnel were divided between the newly independent Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan.
The Commander of the Navy is the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS).
While the provision for the rank of Admiral of the Fleet exists, it is primarily intended for major wartime use and honour. No officer of the Indian Navy has yet been conferred this rank. (Both the Army and Air Force have had officers who have been conferred with the equivalent rank – Field Marshals Sam Manekshaw and Cariappa of the Army and Marshal of the Indian Air Force (MIAF) Arjan Singh.)